Toqua was the ljnchburg of a substantial ancestral town that thrived during the Mississippian period CE. Toqua had a large earthwork foot 7. The site's Mississippian occupation may have been recorded by the Spanish as the sex chat messages examples of Taliwhich was documented in by the Hernando de Soto expedition. In an archeological survey was conducted at this site prior to completion of the Tellico Damas that project would result in Toqua's inundation by Tellico Lake.
The Toqua site was important as one of the last remaining Dallas-phase platform mound sites in the valley.
In the Toqua site was submerged after the Little Tennessee River was dammed. The lake is managed by the Tennessee Valley Authority. The shoreline above the Toqua site is now a recreational area managed by the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency. It is situated along Tennessee State Route approximately 2 miles 3. Route at Vonore. The site can be easily be observed from both the road and the boat ramp. The Hernando de Soto expedition — most likely passed through the upper Tennessee Valley en route to the Coosa chiefdom in northern Georgia.
The expedition, seeking a passage to the Pacific Ocean, had landed at Florida in May and marched northward through territory in prostitutes in fife ronne are now jurisdictions of Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina before crossing the Blue Ridge Mountains via the Nolichucky River into the Tennessee Valley. On July 9,the expedition left Coste and followed the east bank of the Little Tennessee to the village of Tali, situated eseking the west bank of the river at what is now known as the Toqua site.
The sight of the Spaniards created a general panic in Tali, and the villagers attempted to flee downstream in canoes. De Soto apparently deployed his soldiers and forced the villagers to return.
The chief of Tali gave the expedition four women and two porters, and de Soto departed with his forces southward the following day. The chief of Tali continued to send rations of sofkee a gruel similar to hominy grits and other food until the seekjng reached Coosa chiefdom on July The name "Toqua" comes from the Cherokee word Dakwa'yimeaning "fish putas latinas en pensacola. The term Toqua first appears in the historical laeies inwhen it was listed as the base of a English colonial trader named Anthony Dean.
Willanawaw, who was chief of Toqua at the time, had ly been listed as a chief of nearby Tanasi. Henry Lynchhurgwhose peace mission visited the Overhill towns innoted that Willanawaw was still the headman at Toqua.
He reported that the town was composed of 32 houses and a councilhouse, the latter built as typical on top of the town's platform mound. The town of Toqua began to decline as Euro-American settlers pushed westward, encroaching on this area. The Overhill towns were repeatedly attacked during the American Revolution and the Cherokee—American wars — Toqua was destroyed by John Sevier in In the late s, the Duke of Orleans and future king of France Louis-Philippe visited the Tellico Blockhouse as part of extensive travels undertaken while he was in exile.
Louis-Philippe reported a councilhouse surrounded by 8 to 10 houses at a fennessee some 3 miles 4. He gave a detailed description of the councilhouse's shape and composition.
Toqua still had a small population when the Cherokee sold their lands along the Little Tennessee to the U. Shortly after the treaty, an early settler named John McGhee purchased several thousand acres along the Little Tennessee, including the Toqua site. McGhee's descendants still owned the property in the midth century, when the Tennessee Valley Authority began buying the land in the s in order to construct a dam and Middle eastern escorts Reservoir.
John W. Emmert, working for the Smithsonian 's Bureau of Ethnology, conducted the first archaeological survey of the Toqua area in In the s, a treasure hunter named George Barnes uncovered hundreds of human bones— most of which he discarded— escort trans mount isa digging for artifacts at the Toqua site.
Inin anticipation of the flooding of the site by the construction of Tellico Dam, the University of Tennessee Department of Anthropology began an initial archeological survey of the area to locate sites for further research. Toqua was chosen for excavation as the valley's last remaining Dallas-phase platform mound site. Other goals included establishing a more defined period of Cherokee occupation and to search for evidence of pre-Mississippian occupation.
Excavations at Toqua in the s uncovered evidence typical of a Mississippian-period village. The village consisted of a central, level, pebble-covered plaza, flanked by a large "platform" mound known as "Mound A" and 57 dwellings.
A smaller mound, known as na B," was located in the southeastern corner of the village. At its height aroundthe village covered 4. The Mississippian structures identified and investigated at the Toqua site included the two mounds and several dwellings. The mound was approximately 25 feet 7. Excavations at the mound discovered a chert sword, a pot filled no condom escorts marsh elder seeds, and two high-status female burials.
Mound B was 6 feet 1. Analysis of the human remains uncovered at Ladiex determined that the height of the average male was 5'6" and the height of the average female was 5'1".
Life expectancy was Many of the remains showed s of widespread iron deficiency, possibly because of a diet relying too much upon corn and consisting of little meat. At its height, the village probably had a population of between and An increase in mass burials and the reduction of the village to nearly one-half its size in the 16th century indicate a possible decline at Toqua.
Lynchburb village was superseded by rising Dallas Phase occupations at Tomotley almost adjacent to Toqua and Citico several miles upstream. While excavators were able to establish a rough period of Cherokee occupation at Toqua by matching archaeological finds with historical data, the project's main goal— identifying the relationship between Toqua's pre-Cherokee and Cherokee nhabitants— eeeking inconclusive.
Investigators found no evidence of a "continued" occupation from the Mississippian period to the Overhill period. The link between the pre-Cherokee and Cherokee inhabitants of the Little Tennessee Free bournemouth phone chat remains an unresolved issue.
United States historic place. Toqua Site. National Register of Historic Places. Knoxville, Tenn.
Mississippian and related cultures. List of Mississippian sites Timeline of Mississippi valley. Pre-Columbian North America. Related Genetic history Pre-Columbian era. Georgia Worcester v.
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Monroe County, Tennessee.